International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy


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Wildlife source and transit countries may be especially prone to exploitation if known to have weak state capacity, poor law enforcement, corrupt governments, and porous borders.

Fighting illicit wildlife trafficking: A consultation with governments

The U. Congress has passed numerous laws that regulate and restrict certain types of wildlife imports and exports, including the Endangered Species Act of , the Lacey Act and Lacey Act Amendments of , and several species-specific conservation laws. These laws and others establish authorities and guidelines for wildlife trade inspection at ports of entry, and wildlife crime law enforcement and prosecution. Foreign training and assistance programs to combat illegal wildlife trade are also conducted by some federal agencies, including the U.


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Department of State, which leads an international initiative against wildlife trafficking. The role of Congress in evaluating U.

Illegal Trade in Wildlife

Potential issues for Congress include 1 determining funding levels for U. This report focuses on the international trade in terrestrial fauna, largely excluding trade in illegal plants, including timber, and fish.

Poaching as a Threat to International Peace and Security

Policy - Scholar's But so is the global illegal trade in wildlife. For species like tigers and rhinos, poaching is a primary threat to survival. But, as Dr. Nijman pointed out, any solutions for tackling illegal wildlife trade are unlikely to work without the involvement of one major player: China.

focus wildlife trade issues

From ivory to pangolin scales, totoaba bladders to shark fins, the country has a ravenous appetite for wildlife products. Sign up for the Science Times newsletter. Until recently, China seemed to have signed on to the cause. In January, Mr. Xi banned the domestic trade in ivory.


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But lately China has sent conflicting signals. To the shock of officials and conservationists around the world, China announced last month that it would reopen the trade in rhino horn and tiger bone, reversing a year domestic ban.

The Global Wildlife Whistleblower Program - National Whistleblower Center

Officials also pledged to strictly control trade, a reassurance that did little to assuage concerns that poaching was about to spiral even further out of control. Louies said. Following a global outcry, the State Council this month reversed course and postponed implementation of the order.

taylor.evolt.org/hefan-puertollano-dating.php But the episode has left conservationists wary — not least because the history here is far from encouraging. But for decades afterward, China permitted domestic sales of products made from these animals.


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Rhino horn and tiger bone were smuggled into the country from abroad, and tiger farms were set up in the late s — some with government backing — to breed big cats for bones, skins and parts. Wild tigers had been mostly poached in China years earlier. In , under a law called the Pelly Amendment, President Bill Clinton threatened China with sanctions for undermining the Cites treaty. China responded with a ban on rhino horn and tiger bone, and poaching declined significantly.

Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine quickly followed suit, replacing the banned materials with sustainable substitutes and removing tiger bone and rhino horn — which have no scientifically proven benefits — from textbooks and the pharmacopoeia.

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Rather than shutter after the ban, tiger farms continued to grow and now house over 6, captive animals.

International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

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